º Read ✓ The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of Europe by Patrick J. Geary Î aqqa.pro

º Read ✓ The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of Europe by Patrick J. Geary Î It s an obligatory classic for anyone taking a real interest in history I haven t read it in my undergrad years, as the Polish historiography has its own excellent classic title covering the same subject area see wit narod w europejskich Now, it pleases me to see that the English speaking world has also produced an accessible study on this subject It shows to a lay reader that the so called nations as we understand them today are relatively recent phenomena, and that the historical reality was far removed from what nationalistic myths try to sell us today It s such a pity that those who would benefit from this book the most will most probably never read it.
Eigentlich ein sehr interessantes Thema und spannender Buchtitel Jedoch schweift der Autor an mehreren Stellen vom eigentlichen Thema ab So ist der Exkurs ber die Zulus fast g nzlich irrelevant Es werden viele Ans tze angeschnitten, jedoch nicht wirklich ausgef hrt Geary versucht den Nationalismus zu erkl ren und als ein falscher Grundsatz darstellen zu lassen Jedoch f hrt er seine Argumentationsstr nge nicht vollkommen zu ende und so verliert Geary sich ein bisschen in seiner eigenen These Betrachtet man das Buch nur als Informationsquelle ber die Nachfolgerreiche des R mischen Imperiums so hat das Buch durchaus seine informativen und interessanten Seiten Leider beschr nkt sich dies jedoch auf h chstens die h lfte der Seiten Grunds tzlich sollte es ja so sein, dass man in einer Arbeit etwas erforschen will F r Geary ist Modern Day Europeans By The Millions Proudly Trace Back Their National Identities To The Celts, Franks, Gauls, Goths, Huns, Or Serbs Or Some Combination Of The Various Peoples Who Inhabited, Traversed, Or Pillaged Their Continent Than A Thousand Years Ago According To Patrick Geary, This Is Historical Nonsense The Idea That National Character Is Fixed For All Time In A Simpler, Distant Past Is Groundless, He Argues In This Unflinching Reconsideration Of European Nationhood Few Of The Peoples That Many Europeans Honor As Sharing Their Sense Of Nation Had Comparably Homogeneous Identities Even The Huns, He Points Out, Were Firmly United Only Under Attila S Ten Year ReignGeary Dismantles The Nationalist Myths About How The Nations Of Europe Were Born Through Rigorous Analysis Set In Lucid Prose, He Contrasts The Myths With The Actual History Of Europe S Transformation Between The Fourth And Ninth Centuries The Period Of Grand Migrations That Nationalists Hold Dear The Nationalist Sentiments Today Increasingly Taken For Granted In Europe Emerged, He Argues, Only In The Nineteenth Century Ironically, This Phenomenon Was Kept Alive Not Just By Responsive Populations But By Complicit ScholarsUltimately, Geary Concludes, The Actual Formation Of European Peoples Must Be Seen As An Extended Process That Began In Antiquity And Continues In The Present The Resulting Image Is A Challenge To Those Who Anchor Contemporary Antagonisms In Ancient Myths To Those Who Claim That Immigration And Tolerance Toward Minorities Despoil Nationhood As Geary Shows, Such Ideologues Whether Le Pens Who Champion The French People Born With The Baptism Of Clovis InOr Milosevics Who Cite Early Serbian History To Claim Rebellious Regions Know Their Myths But Not Their History The Myth Of Nations Will Be Intensely Debated By All Who Understood That A History That Does Not Change, That Reduces The Complexities Of Many Centuries To A Single, Eternal Moment, Isn T History At All The Myth of Nations is the third book in my trilogy of Late Antique histories, the first two being Frontiers of the Roman Empire and Barbarian Tides Unlike these titles, the current book is not an academic work Instead, Geary s audience is the general reader with an interest in history p 185 Beyond that, he wants to argue that modern national identities are the products of 18th and 19th century European state building In reality, identity whether constitutional or organic is a concept always in flux, and, in Late Antiquity say, AD 400 800 , things were exceptionally fluid.
I don t have too much to say about the book Geary s main point Ethnogenesis is a process of the present and the future as much as it is of the past No efforts of romantics, politicians, or social scientists c Ve ina re enica iz slede eg teksta je prepisana iz knjige Ja sam ih samo malo sredio kako bih dobio kompaktan tekst.
Nacionalizam je tvorevina romantizma 19 veka u kombinaciji sa nau nom istorijom i indoevropskom filologijom Nema tu ni eg drevnog Pogleda na pro lost je zamagljen istorijskim istra ivanjima u poslednja dva veka Nacionalisti ke istorije se pre temelje na politi kim i kulturnim shvatanjima autora koji ih pi u nego na stvarnim injenicama.
Nacionalisti ke metode obuhvataju najpre prou avanje jezika, a onda i kulture i istorije doti nog naroda koja sprovodi mala grupa probu enih intelektualaca Prvo se prona e zvani ni jezik koji govori politi ki mo na grupa ili stanovni tvo nekog velikog grada Onda se on nametne ostalom stanovni tvu preko dr avnog kolskog sistema preko koga Patrick Geary s Myth of Nations endeavors to prove that the national definitions of European nations are inaccurate due to the fluid nature of early European people groups Further he hopes to establish these definitions as political and racial in origin while shining a light on the role of historians in crafting this inaccurate narrative from the past This misinterpretation of the past, Geary postulates, has been co opted by nationalistic movements, which have summoned millions of people into the streets and sent millionsto their graves Geary, 13 In light of this, Geary intends to present an overview of a new understanding of European people while exposing the roots of modern ethnic nationalism To this end, Geary spends the first chapter of the book exploring ethnic nationalism in modern day Europe He presents a Europe full of imagined communities nations created by a psychological I definitely liked it, and it pretty much shook my entire perception of peoplehood reading the brief section on the Bulgars and how they had split from the Avars is totally and utterly unlike anything I was taught in school in terms of the origins of the Bulgars Being Bulgarian, this really caused me to reconsider everything I was taught about our historical continuity as a people a concept which really is quite ridiculous Geary does a great job in describing the fluidity of identity and how ethnicity or peoplehood is a construct, that peoples are heterogenous units, constantly evolving and amalgamating, sometimes disappearing altogether in the course of history The writing was excellent, and I felt the book w

Wonderful incisive look at the changing ideas of nationhood which disputes any idea of fixed national identities stemming from some distant past When contemporary nationalists appeal to history, their notion of history is static they look to the moment of primary acquisition, when their people, first arriving in the ruins of the Roman Empire, established their sacred territory and their national identity This is the very antithesis of history The history of European peoples in Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages is not the story of a primordial moment but of a continuous process It is the story of political appropriation and manipulation of inherited names and representations of pasts to create a present and a future It is a history of constant change, of radical discontinuities, and of political and cultural zigzags, masked by the Patrick Geary s The Myth of Nations has only becomerelevant in the fifteen or so years since its first publication In this short, lucid, but highly thought provoking book, Geary explores how the period between the third and ninth centuries have been appropriated by nationalists and racists who claim to find in that period a definitive origin of contemporary European peoples Geary dismantles these myths and shows instead that the names of ethnicities are less descriptors of biological continuity than they are representative of shifting claims over time Rather than pinpointing the ethnogenesis of European peoples as a thing that happened at some fixed point in the early Middle Ages, Geary argues that it is a process, beginning in Late Antiquity and continuing through to the present day This should be accessible to the interested lay reader, a I should start by saying I don t think this is a bad book I just find Geary s argument flawed, and as such disagree with his conclusion.
In sum, Geary argues that the medieval territories that now comprise contemporary European nations did not view themselves as bound to each other, and consequently it is erroneous to speak of the nation of England or France, or Germany, or Greece during ancient and medieval time periods With the 18th century the concept of a nation was developed, and these formerly disconnected territories became fused together into unified entities tied together by common social, political, economic, and cultural ties These new nations, Geary argues, invented myths about their national foundations extending back centuries false myths, as Geary put it, because the process of organizing themselves as nations only occurred much late

Patrick J Geary is an American medieval historian and Professor of Western Medieval History at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey