ò The City In History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, And Its Prospects ð Download by ☆ Lewis Mumford

ò The City In History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, And Its Prospects ð Download by ☆ Lewis Mumford The City’s Development From Ancient Times To The Modern Age Winner Of The National Book Award “One Of The Major Works Of Scholarship Of The Twentieth Century” Christian Science Monitor Index; Illustrations
1961 Copyright Harvest Book by Harcourt, Inc 575 pages

Summary:
The author describes the design of cities in Europe and the USA as a place for humans to live by periods: ancient (prehistorical Mesopotamia, Egypt, Crete), classical (historical, Greece and Rome) medieval (8th to 16 centuries), baroque (1618th centuries, the industrial revolution), suburbia and contemporary (up to 1960).
His descriptions include economic, religious, military and ethnic factors that influence the development of cities and their design.
His perspective is humanistic, that is, he regards cities as a place for the common person to live and realize his/her full potential.
Needless to
say, most cities through most of history have not been successful in this regard.
What makes this history compelling is just this perspective: it causes one to consider his/her own life and its poten Mumford is, in many ways, a total precursor to the postmodernists.
He maintains a skepticism towards Enlightenment as well as a strong respect for the subjective, vital forces of humanity.
Like any good contemporary social thinker, he recognizes that the parsing of culture into numeric bits and pieces is only one among many methods of attaining knowledge.


There's a certain Eurocentrism which is to be expected for a writer from his era, but what troubles me more is what I deem "urbanocentrism.
" He has a way of viewing all history through the lens of the city, thus excluding the discourse of societies beyond the city which was, until a few years ago, most of the world's population and consequently only seeing a sliver of humanity.
However, if we read Mumford as a meticulous analyst of the course of development of the Western city, we get



My first experience reading Lewis Mumford was a collection of his writings for The New Yorker, where he served as architecture critic, and which impressed me by exposing a way of looking at building design which I hadn't even considered before, in a way that was easy to grasp.
(This 'ease' was facilitated by interest, of courseif one is immune to the charms of architecture and design, then it's doubtful his essays would appeal.
) The New Yorker essays made me want to read more, and I was extremely happy to find a copy of his National Book Award winner The City in Historyhigh expectations and anticipation no doubt contributed to much of my later disappointment.


As the book's subtitle indicates, Mumford traces the origins of the city and describes the changes it underwent up until his own time of the early 60s.
As it has to be, the origin of the c Reviewing such a monumental book is in of itself a monumental task, one for which no one is up to task, least of all me.
There are many observations that you will simply not find in here.
No review, no summary, could ever substitute readingthisbook.


The best one sentence summary of the book is given by this sentence:
"When both the evil and the remedy are indistinguishable, one may be sure that a deepseated process is at work.
" — p.
544

To give a sense of scale to each potential reader: the book is partitioned in chapters and subchapters, the latter averaging about 5 pages each.
And almost all of which lend themselves to a book of their own.


In order to read Mumford one must understand that we all find ourselves on very murky ground (especially when studying ancient history) in terms of what we know, or even can now, because most of it has

Lewis Mumford (October 19, 1895 – January 26, 1990) was an American historian and philosopher of technology and science. Particularly noted for his study of cities and urban architecture, he had a tremendously broad career as a writer that also included a period as an influential literary critic. Mumford was influenced by the work of Scottish theorist Sir Patrick Geddes.